What is Drug Testing
Posted by Carlos Rengifo on September 25, 2015 . 0 Comments
Drug testing is the evaluation of a urine, blood or other type of biological sample to determine if the subject has been using the drug or drugs in question. There are many circumstances that may lead to drug testing:
- Pre-employment or random, work-related drug testing to identify on-the-job drug abuse
- Drug testing for college or professional athletes
- Post-accident drug testing - a vehicular or on-the-job accident which may have involved human error and resulted in casualties or property damage
- Safety-related - if an employee's job could lead to safety issues if judgment or physical ability were impaired
Drug testing is often done when applying for employment, especially for positions that may involve federal transportation, airline industries, railways, and other workplaces where public safety is of the utmost importance. However, workplace drug testing is now common in general for many U.S. employers to lessen the impact from drug abuse and lower productivity in the workplace.
1 The Surgeon General reported that alcohol and Drug Abuse, including tobacco costs the economy $524 billion per year.
2 In 1997, it was reported that 5.4 percent of all workers tested positive for illicit drug use.
Many companies may also offer employee-assistance programs to support substance-abuse treatment.